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Insects 2016, 7(1), 7; doi:10.3390/insects7010007

The Impact of Landscape Complexity on Invertebrate Diversity in Edges and Fields in an Agricultural Area

1
Institute of Environmental Sciences, Leiden University, Einsteinweg 2, Leiden 2333 CC, The Netherlands
2
Illinois State Museum Research and Collections Center, 1011 E. Ash Street, Springfield, IL 62703, USA
3
European Invertebrate Survey (EIS)/Naturalis Biodiversity Center, PO Box 9517, Leiden 2300 RA, The Netherlands
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian T. Forschler
Received: 3 September 2015 / Revised: 26 January 2016 / Accepted: 28 January 2016 / Published: 3 February 2016
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Abstract

Invertebrate diversity is important for a multitude of ecosystem services and as a component of the larger ecological food web. A better understanding of the factors influencing invertebrate taxonomic richness and diversity at both local and landscape scales is important for conserving biodiversity within the agricultural landscape. The aim of this study was to determine if invertebrate richness and diversity in agricultural field interiors and edges in central Illinois, USA, were related to the complexity of the surrounding landscape. Our results show taxonomic richness and diversity in field edges is positively related to large scale landscape complexity, but the relationship is negative for field interiors. These unexpected results need further study. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiversity; taxonomic richness; diversity index; landscape complexity; North American agriculture biodiversity; taxonomic richness; diversity index; landscape complexity; North American agriculture
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Evans, T.R.; Mahoney, M.J.; Cashatt, E.D.; Noordijk, J.; de Snoo, G.; Musters, C.J.M. The Impact of Landscape Complexity on Invertebrate Diversity in Edges and Fields in an Agricultural Area. Insects 2016, 7, 7.

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