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Insects 2012, 3(4), 1126-1142; doi:10.3390/insects3041126
Review

Environmental Engineering Approaches toward Sustainable Management of Spider Mites

1,2
Received: 9 September 2012; in revised form: 16 October 2012 / Accepted: 17 October 2012 / Published: 26 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pest Control and Management)
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Abstract: Integrated pest management (IPM), which combines physical, biological, and chemical control measures to complementary effect, is one of the most important approaches to environmentally friendly sustainable agriculture. To expand IPM, we need to develop new pest control measures, reinforce existing measures, and investigate interactions between measures. Continued progress in the development of environmental control technologies and consequent price drops have facilitated their integration into plant production and pest control. Here I describe environmental control technologies for the IPM of spider mites through: (1) the disturbance of photoperiod-dependent diapause by artificial light, which may lead to death in seasonal environments; (2) the use of ultraviolet radiation to kill or repel mites; and (3) the use of water vapor control for the long-term cold storage of commercially available natural enemies. Such environmental control technologies have great potential for the efficient control of spider mites through direct physical effects and indirect effects via natural enemies.
Keywords: diapause; IPM; natural enemy; photoperiod; ultraviolet radiation; water vapor diapause; IPM; natural enemy; photoperiod; ultraviolet radiation; water vapor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Suzuki, T. Environmental Engineering Approaches toward Sustainable Management of Spider Mites. Insects 2012, 3, 1126-1142.

AMA Style

Suzuki T. Environmental Engineering Approaches toward Sustainable Management of Spider Mites. Insects. 2012; 3(4):1126-1142.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Suzuki, Takeshi. 2012. "Environmental Engineering Approaches toward Sustainable Management of Spider Mites." Insects 3, no. 4: 1126-1142.

Insects EISSN 2075-4450 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert