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Lubricants 2018, 6(2), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/lubricants6020041

Influence of Test Stand and Contact Size Sensitivity on the Friction Coefficient in Sheet Metal Forming

Institute for Production Engineering and Forming Machines, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Otto-Berndt-Str. 2, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
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Received: 6 April 2018 / Revised: 23 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 April 2018 / Published: 27 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tribology in Metal Forming)
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Abstract

The precise knowledge of frictional behavior is highly relevant for accurate modelling in sheet metal forming simulations. This allows e.g., the precise prediction of restraining forces which, in turn, determines an optimal draw bead strategy and blank-texture-development for automotive components. As a result, tryout loops can be avoided and thus production costs can be reduced. Nevertheless, the benefit of this detailed friction description is often ignored by the use of a constant friction coefficient. Finding a practical solution has motivated numerous research projects in recent decades. In this context, many efforts have been made to develop test stands to gain a better understanding of friction and to determine load-dependent friction coefficients for simulations. However, different test stands for friction investigation show a big quantitative difference in friction value which makes the direct use of the values in finite element simulation questionable. Therefore, the focus of this paper is to compare two different common strip drawing tests and detect the sources of deviation. In particular, the influence of the contact area between tool and blank is investigated. The results indicate that while the effect of the different test stands is negligible, a high dependency of the friction coefficient on the contact area was shown. This phenomenon is caused by macroscopic lubricant distribution over the contact area, which varies according to the size of the tools. The results show a potential field of research in categorizing different friction test stands and resolving the issue of quantitative non-comparable coefficients of friction. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sheet Metal Forming; Friction; Tribology; test stand; Contact Size Sensitivity Sheet Metal Forming; Friction; Tribology; test stand; Contact Size Sensitivity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Recklin, V.; Dietrich, F.; Groche, P. Influence of Test Stand and Contact Size Sensitivity on the Friction Coefficient in Sheet Metal Forming. Lubricants 2018, 6, 41.

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