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Lubricants 2017, 5(4), 45; doi:10.3390/lubricants5040045

Reduction of the Adhesive Friction of Elastomers through Laser Texturing of Injection Molds

V-Research GmbH, Stadtstrasse 33, 6850 Dornbirn, Austria
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Received: 16 October 2017 / Revised: 13 November 2017 / Accepted: 14 November 2017 / Published: 16 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Improvement of Friction and Wear by Laser Surface Texturing)
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Abstract

It is well known that elastomers usually possess poor dry sliding friction properties due to their highly adhesive character. In order to overcome this problematic behavior in industrial applications, interfacial materials such as oils, greases, coatings, or lacks are normally used in order to separate or to functionalize the contact surfaces of elastomers. Alternatively, the high adhesion tendency of elastomers may be explicitly reduced by modifying the elastomer composition itself or by enabling a reduction of its effective contact area through, for example, surface laser texturing. This second approach, i.e., the reduction of the adhesive character of elastomers through laser structuring, will be the main topic of the present study. For this purpose, different micro-sized grooved structures were produced on flat injection molds using an ultra-short pulsed laser. The micro-structured molds were then used to produce injection molded micro-ridged Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR) sample pads. The investigations consisted firstly of determining the degree of replication of the mold micro-structures onto the surface of the LSR pads and secondly, to ascertain the degree of reduction of the friction force (or coefficient of friction) of these micro-ridged LSR pads in comparison to the benchmark (unstructured LSR pads) when tested under dry conditions against Aluminum alloy (Al-6082) or PA6.6-GF30 plates. For this second part of the investigation, the normal force (or contact pressure) dependency of the coefficient of friction was determined through stepwise load increasing friction tests. The results of these investigations have shown that the production of micro-ridged surfaces on LSR pads through laser structuring of the injection molds could be successfully achieved and that it enables a significant reduction of the friction force for low normal forces (or contact pressures), where the component of adhesion friction is playing an important and determining role in the overall friction behavior of the LSR elastomer. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser texturing; surface structuring; micro-ridges; micro-grooves; adhesion; friction; tribological characterization; liquid silicone rubber (LSR); elastomer; injection molding laser texturing; surface structuring; micro-ridges; micro-grooves; adhesion; friction; tribological characterization; liquid silicone rubber (LSR); elastomer; injection molding
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Voyer, J.; Ausserer, F.; Klien, S.; Velkavrh, I.; Diem, A. Reduction of the Adhesive Friction of Elastomers through Laser Texturing of Injection Molds. Lubricants 2017, 5, 45.

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