A Pilot Study into the Association between Oral Health Status and Human Papillomavirus—16 Infection
AbstractBackground: Over the next 20 years, oropharyngeal cancers (OPC) will represent the majority of head and neck cancers (HNCs) in the United States. It is estimated that human papillomavirus (HPV) may account for as much as 70% to 80% of OPCs in North America and in certain parts of Europe. It is hence crucial to understand the disease risk factors and natural history of oral HPV infections. We hypothesized that poor oral health (by measures such as poor oral hygiene and periodontal disease) leads to a higher degree of oral HPV-16 infections within a patient cohort from a dental school clinic. This study aims to test this hypothesis and gauge possible disease associations before larger scale studies. Subjects and Methods: 223 participants were recruited in this study from the University of Queensland Dental School clinic. Clinical oral health parameters (such as oral hygiene measures and periodontal disease measurements) have been examined and determined by dental professionals. We have collected oral rinse samples from these volunteers. Results: 10 (4.5%) out of 223 participants were found to have HPV-16 DNA in their oral rinse samples using NB2 endpoint PCR and Sanger sequencing. Within the HPV-16 DNA positive subjects, 7 (70%) and 3 (30%) were associated with poor oral hygiene and periodontal disease, respectively. Conclusion: Our results show a trend towards a positive correlation between oral HPV-16 infection and poor clinical oral health status. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
DOCX-Document (DOCX, 11864 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Sun, C.X.; Bennett, N.; Tran, P.; Tang, K.D.; Lim, Y.; Frazer, I.; Samaranayake, L.; Punyadeera, C. A Pilot Study into the Association between Oral Health Status and Human Papillomavirus—16 Infection. Diagnostics 2017, 7, 11.
Sun CX, Bennett N, Tran P, Tang KD, Lim Y, Frazer I, Samaranayake L, Punyadeera C. A Pilot Study into the Association between Oral Health Status and Human Papillomavirus—16 Infection. Diagnostics. 2017; 7(1):11.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sun, Charles X.; Bennett, Nigel; Tran, Peter; Tang, Kai D.; Lim, Yenkai; Frazer, Ian; Samaranayake, Lakshman; Punyadeera, Chamindie. 2017. "A Pilot Study into the Association between Oral Health Status and Human Papillomavirus—16 Infection." Diagnostics 7, no. 1: 11.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.