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Diagnostics 2016, 6(1), 9;

Computed Tomography and Ultrasounds for the Follow-up of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Ablation: What You Need to Know

2nd Radiology Department, University General Hospital “ATTIKON”, 1 Rimini str, 12462 Athens, Greece
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Philippe L. Pereira
Received: 2 October 2015 / Accepted: 21 January 2016 / Published: 4 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diagnosis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1807 KB, uploaded 4 February 2016]   |  


Image-guided tumor ablation provides curative treatment in properly selected patients or appropriate therapeutic options whenever surgical techniques are precluded. Tumor response assessment post ablation is important in determining treatment success and future therapy. Accurate interpretation of post-ablation imaging findings is crucial for therapeutic and follow-up strategies. Computed Tomography (CT) and Ultrasound (US) play important roles in patients’ follow-up post liver thermal ablation therapies. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) can provide valuable information on the ablation effects faster and at a lower cost than computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. However, a disadvantage is that the technique cannot examine total liver parenchyma for disease progression as CT and Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging can. Follow-up strategies for assessment of tumor response includes contrast enhanced multiphasic (non-contrast, arterial, portal, delayed phases) imaging with Computed Tomography at three, six, and 12 months post ablation session and annually ever since in order to prove sustained effectiveness of the ablation or detect progression. View Full-Text
Keywords: liver; tumor; ablation; imaging; follow-up liver; tumor; ablation; imaging; follow-up

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Kelekis, A.; Filippiadis, D. Computed Tomography and Ultrasounds for the Follow-up of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Ablation: What You Need to Know. Diagnostics 2016, 6, 9.

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