Auto Diagnostics of Lung Nodules Using Minimal Characteristics Extraction Technique
AbstractComputer-aided detection (CAD) systems provide useful tools and an advantageous process to physicians aiming to detect lung nodules. This paper develops a method composed of four processes for lung nodule detection. The first step employs image acquisition and pre-processing techniques to isolate the lungs from the rest of the body. The second stage involves the segmentation process using a 2D algorithm to affect every layer of a scan eliminating non-informative structures inside the lungs, and a 3D blob algorithm associated with a connectivity algorithm to select possible nodule shape candidates. The combinations of these algorithms efficiently eliminate the high rates of false positives. The third process extracts eight minimal representative characteristics of the possible candidates. The final step utilizes a support vector machine for classifying the possible candidates into nodules and non-nodules depending on their features. As the objective is to find nodules bigger than 4mm, the proposed approach demonstrated quite encouraging results. Among 65 computer tomography (CT) scans, 94.23% of sensitivity and 84.75% in specificity were obtained. The accuracy of these two results was 89.19% taking into consideration that 45 scans were used for testing and 20 for training. The rate of false positives was 0.2 per scan. View Full-Text
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Peña, D.M.; Luo, S.; Abdelgader, A.M.S. Auto Diagnostics of Lung Nodules Using Minimal Characteristics Extraction Technique. Diagnostics 2016, 6, 13.
Peña DM, Luo S, Abdelgader AMS. Auto Diagnostics of Lung Nodules Using Minimal Characteristics Extraction Technique. Diagnostics. 2016; 6(1):13.Chicago/Turabian Style
Peña, Diego M.; Luo, Shouhua; Abdelgader, Abdeldime M.S. 2016. "Auto Diagnostics of Lung Nodules Using Minimal Characteristics Extraction Technique." Diagnostics 6, no. 1: 13.
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