Next Article in Journal
Diagnostics Now in PubMed and PubMed Central
Previous Article in Journal
Replacing Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome with Systemic Exercise Intolerance Disease Is Not the Way forward
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Diagnostics 2016, 6(1), 11; doi:10.3390/diagnostics6010011

Cluster Analysis of Physical and Cognitive Ageing Patterns in Older People from Shanghai

1
School of Sports, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Ashby Road, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UK
2
Memory, Ageing and Cognition Centre, National University Health System, Singapore 117600, Singapore
3
Department of Geriatric Psychiatry, Shanghai Mental Health Centre, School of Medicine Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200030, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Graham S. Jackson
Received: 22 December 2015 / Revised: 25 January 2016 / Accepted: 27 January 2016 / Published: 22 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Early Dementia Screening and Treatment 2016)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [794 KB, uploaded 22 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between education, cognitive and physical function in older age, and their respective impacts on activities of daily living (ADL). Data on 148 older participants from a community-based sample recruited in Shanghai, China, included the following measures: age, education, ADL, grip strength, balance, gait speed, global cognition and verbal memory. The majority of participants in the present cohort were cognitively and physically healthy and reported no problems with ADL. Twenty-eight percent of participants needed help with ADL, with the majority of this group being over 80 years of age. Significant predictors of reductions in functional independence included age, balance, global cognitive function (MMSE) and the gait measures. Cluster analysis revealed a protective effect of education on cognitive function that did not appear to extend to physical function. Consistency of such phenotypes of ageing clusters in other cohort studies may provide helpful models for dementia and frailty prevention measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging; frailty; memory; gait; grip strength; balance; cognition aging; frailty; memory; gait; grip strength; balance; cognition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bandelow, S.; Xu, X.; Xiao, S.; Hogervorst, E. Cluster Analysis of Physical and Cognitive Ageing Patterns in Older People from Shanghai. Diagnostics 2016, 6, 11.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Diagnostics EISSN 2075-4418 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top