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Global Molecular Diversity of the Halotolerant Fungus Hortaea werneckii

1
Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, 98122 Messina, Italy
2
Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute, 3584 CT Utrecht, The Netherlands
3
Centre of Expertise in Mycology of RadboudUMC/Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands
4
Ministry of Health, Directorate General of Health Services, 133 Ibri, Oman
5
Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
6
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, 10300 Bangkok, Thailand
Both authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2018 / Revised: 11 July 2018 / Accepted: 18 July 2018 / Published: 23 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungi from Extreme Environments)
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Abstract

A global set of clinical and environmental strains of the halotolerant black yeast-like fungus Hortaea werneckii are analyzed by multilocus sequencing and AFLP, and physiological parameters are determined. Partial translation elongation factor 1-α proves to be suitable for typing because of the presence/absence of introns and also the presence of several SNPs. Local clonal expansion could be established by a combination of molecular methods, while the population from the Mediterranean Sea water also responds differently to combined temperature and salt stress. The species comprises molecular populations, which in part also differ physiologically allowing further diversification, but clinical strains did not deviate significantly from their environmental counterparts. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hortaea werneckii; epidemiology; AFLP; multilocus sequencing; haplotype networks Hortaea werneckii; epidemiology; AFLP; multilocus sequencing; haplotype networks
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Marchetta, A.; Gerrits van den Ende, B.; Al-Hatmi, A.M.S.; Hagen, F.; Zalar, P.; Sudhadham, M.; Gunde-Cimerman, N.; Urzì, C.; de Hoog, S.; De Leo, F. Global Molecular Diversity of the Halotolerant Fungus Hortaea werneckii. Life 2018, 8, 31.

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