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Machines 2017, 5(1), 8; doi:10.3390/machines5010008

Life Cycle Analysis of Double-Arm Type Robotic Tools for LCD Panel Handling

Department of Mechanical, Manufacturing and Automotive Engineering, University of Ontario, Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dan Zhang
Received: 31 December 2016 / Revised: 1 March 2017 / Accepted: 2 March 2017 / Published: 4 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Robotic Machine Tools)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2226 KB, uploaded 4 March 2017]   |  


This study includes a life cycle assessment of double-arm type robotic tools made with three different materials. The robotic arms are used for Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) panel handling. The environmental impacts generated during all the life stages of the robots have been investigated. The study shows that composite materials have less environmental impact compared with metallic materials. It is also found that the most significant impact category generated by the robotic tools is carcinogen, while the use stage of the robotic tool’s life cycle has the greatest environmental impact. View Full-Text
Keywords: robotic tool; life cycle assessment; green manufacturing; environmental impact robotic tool; life cycle assessment; green manufacturing; environmental impact

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wyatt, H.; Wu, A.; Thomas, R.; Yang, Y. Life Cycle Analysis of Double-Arm Type Robotic Tools for LCD Panel Handling. Machines 2017, 5, 8.

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