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Minerals 2018, 8(5), 183; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8050183

Catalan Imitations of the Ligurian Taches Noires Ware in Barcelona (18th–19th Century): An Example of Technical Knowledge Transfer

1
U Science Tech, MECAMAT Group, University of Vic—Central University of Catalonia, C. de la Laura 13, 08500 Vic, Catalonia, Spain
2
Cultura Material i Arqueometria UB (ARQ|UB, GRACPE), Department de Prehistòria, Història Antiga i Arqueologia, Universitat de Barcelona, c/Montalegre, 6, 08001 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
3
Department de Geologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Edifici C, 08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Catalonia, Spain
4
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell’Ambiente e della Vita (DISTAV), Università degli Studi di Genova, Corso Europa 26, 16132 Genova, Italy
5
ALBA Synchrotron Light Source, Cerdanyola del Vallès, 08290 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 March 2018 / Revised: 21 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 April 2018 / Published: 27 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineralogical Applications for Cultural Heritage)
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Abstract

The ware called Taches Noires was developed in Albisola (Liguria, NW Italy) during the 18th century. In just a few years, it spread all over the Mediterranean (Italy, France, Spain, Tunisia, and Greece) and also in the New World (Canada, the Caribbean Islands, and Mexico). The success of the Taches Noires ware was so massive that it was soon copied by Spanish and French workshops. A collection of Catalan imitations and Ligurian imports found in Barcelona were analysed and compared to previously existing data from Barcelona productions, as well as reference samples from Albisola. The study proved the presence of both local imitations and original Albisola imports. The analysis showed a homogeneous product of high technical quality for the Albisola pottery. On the contrary, the local imitations presented a greater diversification in the choice and manipulation of the raw materials, probably related to the existence of different workshops engaged in the manufacturing of these products. Nevertheless, for one of the local groups, ceramists adopted a glaze recipe similar to the one used in Albisola, clearly indicating a direct transfer of knowledge, and possibly of potters, from Albisola to Barcelona. View Full-Text
Keywords: Albisola; Barcelona; Taches Noires pottery; 18th century AD; provenance; imitations; technical knowledge; archaeometric analyses; kentrolite; hematite Albisola; Barcelona; Taches Noires pottery; 18th century AD; provenance; imitations; technical knowledge; archaeometric analyses; kentrolite; hematite
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Di Febo, R.; Casas, L.; Capelli, C.; Cabella, R.; Vallcorba, O. Catalan Imitations of the Ligurian Taches Noires Ware in Barcelona (18th–19th Century): An Example of Technical Knowledge Transfer. Minerals 2018, 8, 183.

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