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Open AccessCommentary
Minerals 2018, 8(5), 179; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8050179

How Can Additives Control the Early Stages of Mineralisation?

Department of Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
Received: 10 April 2018 / Revised: 10 April 2018 / Accepted: 23 April 2018 / Published: 26 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineral Surface Reactions at the Nanoscale)
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Abstract

The interactions between additives and mineral precursors and intermediates are at the heart of additive-controlled crystallisation, which is of high importance for various fields. In this commentary, we reflect on potential modes of additive control according to classical nucleation theory on one hand, and from the viewpoint of the so-called pre-nucleation cluster pathway on the other. This includes a brief review of the corresponding literature. While the roles of additives are discussed generally, i.e., without specific chemical or structural details, corresponding properties are outlined where possible. Altogether, our discussion illustrates that “non-classical” nucleation pathways promise an improved understanding of additive-controlled scenarios, which could be utilised in targeted applications in various fields, ranging from scale inhibition to materials chemistry. View Full-Text
Keywords: additives; biomineralisation; classical nucleation theory; interfaces; liquid precursors; minerals; mesocrystals; non-classical nucleation; pre-nucleation clusters; polymorphs additives; biomineralisation; classical nucleation theory; interfaces; liquid precursors; minerals; mesocrystals; non-classical nucleation; pre-nucleation clusters; polymorphs
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Gebauer, D. How Can Additives Control the Early Stages of Mineralisation? Minerals 2018, 8, 179.

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