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Minerals 2018, 8(4), 135; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8040135

Effect of Grinding on Chrysotile, Amosite and Crocidolite and Implications for Thermal Treatment

1
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Calabria, Via Pietro Bucci, I-87036 Rende, Italy
2
Department of Chemical and Geological Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, I-41121 Modena, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 February 2018 / Revised: 14 March 2018 / Accepted: 26 March 2018 / Published: 28 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occurrence, Crystal-Chemistry and Properties of Fibrous Minerals)
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Abstract

Nowadays, due to the adverse health effects associated with exposure to asbestos, its inertization is one of the most important issues of waste risk management. Based on the research line of mechano-chemical and thermal treatment of asbestos containing materials, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of dry grinding on the structure, temperature stability and fibre size of chrysotile from Balangero (Italy), as well as standard UICC (Union for International Cancer Control) amosite and standard UICC (Union for International Cancer Control) crocidolite. Dry grinding was accomplished in an eccentric vibration mill by varying the grinding time (30 s, 5 and 10 min). Results show a decrease in crystallinity, the formation of lattice defects and size reduction with progressive formation of agglomerates in the samples after the mechanical treatment. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results show that the final product obtained after 10 min of grinding is composed of non-crystalline particles and a minor residue of crystalline fibres that are not regulated because they do not meet the size criteria for a regulated fibre. Grinding results in a decrease of temperature and enthalpy of dehydroxylation (ΔHdehy) of chrysotile, amosite and crocidolite. This permits us to completely destroy these fibres in thermal inertization processes using a lower net thermal energy than that used for the raw samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: asbestos; chrysotile; amosite; crocidolite; grinding asbestos; chrysotile; amosite; crocidolite; grinding
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Bloise, A.; Catalano, M.; Gualtieri, A.F. Effect of Grinding on Chrysotile, Amosite and Crocidolite and Implications for Thermal Treatment. Minerals 2018, 8, 135.

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