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Minerals 2017, 7(9), 152; doi:10.3390/min7090152

Kinetics of Rare Earth and Aluminum Leaching from Kaolin

1
Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
2
School of Food Science and Biotechnology, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310012, China
3
Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Solid Waste Treatment and Recycling, Hangzhou 310012, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 August 2017 / Revised: 14 August 2017 / Accepted: 21 August 2017 / Published: 24 August 2017
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Abstract

In this paper, magnesium sulfate was used as a lixiviant to recover rare earth from kaolin. The effects of column leaching conditions, such as the concentration of magnesium sulfate, liquid/solid ratio, flow rate, and pH of the magnesium sulfate solution on the leaching efficiency of rare earth and aluminum, were investigated. In addition, the leaching kinetics of rare earth and aluminum were analyzed based on the magnesium concentration. The results showed that the optimal leaching conditions 0.2 mol/L magnesium sulfate solution with no pH adjustment, 1.2:1 for the liquid/solid ratio, and at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min led to an 89% rare earth leaching efficiency and an 81% aluminum leaching efficiency. The aluminum leaching efficiency by magnesium sulfate was 7% less than that by ammonium sulfate. Moreover, the equilibrium time for rare earth was 33 min shorter than aluminum, which is of benefit to reduce the leaching time of aluminum. The leaching kinetic data fitted an unreacted shrinking-core model. Semi-empirical equations based on the apparent rate constant and magnesium concentration of rare earth and aluminum were established, and the reaction orders for rare earth and aluminum were determined to be 1.69 and 1.61, respectively. The results of this study could help to better understand and optimize the leaching process by magnesium sulfate. View Full-Text
Keywords: kinetics; rare earth; magnesium; leaching; shrinking-core model kinetics; rare earth; magnesium; leaching; shrinking-core model
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ran, X.; Ren, Z.; Gao, H.; Zheng, R.; Jin, J. Kinetics of Rare Earth and Aluminum Leaching from Kaolin. Minerals 2017, 7, 152.

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