Contrasting Surficial Composition of Native Gold from Two Different Types of Gold Ore Deposits
AbstractNative gold grains sampled at two different gold ore deposits in Eastern Russia have been studied by the techniques of electron spectroscopy (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES)), electron microprobe analysis (EMPA), and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM-EDX). The high-fineness gold of the deposit hosted by relatively high temperature gold-quartz-sulfide mesothermal ore formation contains no oxidized Au constituents on grain surfaces, whereas the less fine gold of the epithermal Au-Ag deposit contains gold oxidized to the Au (I) state, or higher, in half of the cases. At this deposit the surface of native Au consists of a thin layer (~15 nm) with elevated Ag and S contents and an underlying SiO2–containing layer ~30–60 nm thick. Such a composite coating can perform a protective function and prevent the gold-silver sulfides in surficial parts of AuAg grains from oxidation. The sulfur-enriched marginal parts of native gold particles do not always correlate with the stoichiometry of well-known binary AuAg-sulfides and have a variable composition. This may be due to the existence of solid solutions, Ag2−xAuxS, if there is enough S or S adsorption-stabilized cluster agglomerates, AgnAumS, under sulfur deficit. The effect of the formation of nano-scale surficial zonality on the surface of native gold is quite common in nature and applicable to geological exploration and technology of gold-ore processing. It can facilitate establishing the geochemical environment and genetic type of Au mineralization. View Full-Text
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Tauson, V.L.; Kravtsova, R.G.; Makshakov, A.S.; Lipko, S.V.; Arsent’ev, K.Y. Contrasting Surficial Composition of Native Gold from Two Different Types of Gold Ore Deposits. Minerals 2017, 7, 142.
Tauson VL, Kravtsova RG, Makshakov AS, Lipko SV, Arsent’ev KY. Contrasting Surficial Composition of Native Gold from Two Different Types of Gold Ore Deposits. Minerals. 2017; 7(8):142.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tauson, Vladimir L.; Kravtsova, Raisa G.; Makshakov, Artem S.; Lipko, Sergey V.; Arsent’ev, Kirill Y. 2017. "Contrasting Surficial Composition of Native Gold from Two Different Types of Gold Ore Deposits." Minerals 7, no. 8: 142.
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