The Activation Mechanism of Bi3+ Ions to Rutile Flotation in a Strong Acidic Environment
AbstractLead hydroxyl compounds are known as rutile flotation of the traditional activated component, but the optimum pH range for flotation is 2–3 using styryl phosphoric acid (SPA) as collector, without lead hydroxyl compounds in slurry solution. In this study, Bi3+ ions as a novel activator was investigated. The results revealed that the presence of Bi3+ ions increased the surface potential, due to the specific adsorption of hydroxyl compounds, which greatly increases the adsorption capacity of SPA on the rutile surface. Bi3+ ions increased the activation sites through the form of hydroxyl species adsorbing on the rutile surface and occupying the steric position of the original Ca2+ ions. The proton substitution reaction occurred between the hydroxyl species of Bi3+ ions (Bi(OH)n+(3−n)) and the hydroxylated rutile surface, producing the compounds of Ti-O-Bi2+. The micro-flotation tests results suggested that Bi3+ ions could improve the flotation recovery of rutile from 61% to 90%, and from 61% to 64% for Pb2+ ions. View Full-Text
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Xiao, W.; Cao, P.; Liang, Q.; Peng, H.; Zhao, H.; Qin, W.; Qiu, G.; Wang, J. The Activation Mechanism of Bi3+ Ions to Rutile Flotation in a Strong Acidic Environment. Minerals 2017, 7, 113.
Xiao W, Cao P, Liang Q, Peng H, Zhao H, Qin W, Qiu G, Wang J. The Activation Mechanism of Bi3+ Ions to Rutile Flotation in a Strong Acidic Environment. Minerals. 2017; 7(7):113.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xiao, Wei; Cao, Pan; Liang, Qiannan; Peng, Hong; Zhao, Hongbo; Qin, Wenqing; Qiu, Guanzhou; Wang, Jun. 2017. "The Activation Mechanism of Bi3+ Ions to Rutile Flotation in a Strong Acidic Environment." Minerals 7, no. 7: 113.