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Minerals 2017, 7(2), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/min7020027

Hydrometallurgical Process and Kinetics of Leaching Manganese from Semi-Oxidized Manganese Ores with Sucrose

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
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Academic Editor: William Skinner
Received: 28 November 2016 / Revised: 16 January 2017 / Accepted: 18 January 2017 / Published: 17 February 2017
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Abstract

The extraction of manganese from a semi-oxidized manganese ore was investigated with sucrose as the reducing agent in dilute sulfuric acid medium. The kinetics of leaching manganese from the complex ore containing MnCO3 and MnO2 was also investigated. The effects of sucrose and sulfuric acid concentrations, leaching temperature and reaction time on the total Mn (TMn), MnO2 and MnCO3 leaching were investigated. Results showed that MnCO3 could more easily react with hydrogen ions than MnO2 in ores, and MnO2 decomposition could be advantageous for MnCO3 leaching. The leaching efficiencies of 91.8% for total Mn, 91.4% for MnO2 and 96.9% for MnCO3 were obtained under the following optimized conditions: 0.035 mol/L sucrose concentration, 5 mol/L sulfuric acid concentration, 60 min of reaction time and 363.2 K of leaching temperature. In addition, it was found that the leaching process of semi-oxidized manganese ore follows the shrinking core model and the leaching rate was controlled by chemical reaction and diffusion. The apparent activation energy of the total manganese, MnO2, and MnCO3 leaching were 40.83, 40.59, and 53.33 kJ·mol−1, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: semi-oxidized manganese ore; sucrose; leaching; kinetics semi-oxidized manganese ore; sucrose; leaching; kinetics
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Wang, Y.; Jin, S.; Lv, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Su, H. Hydrometallurgical Process and Kinetics of Leaching Manganese from Semi-Oxidized Manganese Ores with Sucrose. Minerals 2017, 7, 27.

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