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Minerals 2017, 7(10), 181; https://doi.org/10.3390/min7100181

In Situ Investigation of the Adsorption of Styrene Phosphonic Acid on Cassiterite (110) Surface by Molecular Modeling

College of Resources and Civil Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
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Received: 28 August 2017 / Revised: 23 September 2017 / Accepted: 25 September 2017 / Published: 27 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Simulation of Mineral-Solution Interfaces)
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Abstract

Abstract: The flotation, adsorption and bonding mechanisms of styrene phosphonic acid (SPA) to cassiterite were studied using microflotation tests, zeta potential measurements, solution chemistry analysis and density functional theory (DFT) calculations in this paper. Flotation results demonstrated SPA was an excellent collector for cassiterite which could recover over 85% cassiterite particles with the pH range 4.3–6.06 and 40 mg/L SPA. Zeta potential measurements and solution chemistry analysis revealed the adsorption of SPA was mainly contributed by the chemisorption of the monoanions on cassiterite surfaces. Frontier molecular orbital theory analysis and adsorption energy calculation results proved the monoanion of SPA was able to replace the OH on cassiterite surfaces. The adsorption structure optimization results confirmed the binuclear complex was the most favorable adsorption configuration of SPA on cassiterite (110) surface. Mulliken population calculations and density of states analysis indicated during the bonding process the Sn3 atom lost electrons to O3 atom, and the bonding interaction between O3 and Sn3 atoms was mainly from the contribution of the 2p orbital of O3 atom and the 5s and 5p orbitals of Sn3 atom. View Full-Text
Keywords: cassiterite; styrene phosphonic acid; flotation; adsorption and bonding mechanisms; molecular modeling; density functional theory cassiterite; styrene phosphonic acid; flotation; adsorption and bonding mechanisms; molecular modeling; density functional theory
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Gong, G.; Han, Y.; Liu, J.; Zhu, Y.; Li, Y.; Yuan, S. In Situ Investigation of the Adsorption of Styrene Phosphonic Acid on Cassiterite (110) Surface by Molecular Modeling. Minerals 2017, 7, 181.

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