A New Heterotrophic Strain for Bioleaching of Low Grade Complex Copper Ore
AbstractA new heterotrophic strain, named Providencia sp. JAT-1, was isolated and used in bioleaching of low-grade complex copper ore. The strain uses sodium citrate as a carbon source and urea as a nitrogen source to produce ammonia. The optimal growth condition of the strain is 30 °C, initial pH 8, sodium citrate 10 g/L and urea 20 g/L, under which the cell density and ammonia concentration in the medium reached a maximum of 4.83 × 108 cells/mL and 14 g/L, respectively. Ammonia produced by the strain is used as the main lixiviant in bioleaching. Bioleaching results revealed that higher strain growth led to a higher copper recovery, while higher pulp density will cause a greater inhibitory effect on strain growth and ammonia production. The copper extraction reached the highest value of 54.5% at the pulp density of 1%. Malachite, chrysocolla and chalcocite are easy to leach out in this bioleaching system while chalcopyrite is difficult. Results of comparative leaching experiments show that bioleaching using JAT-1 is superior to ammonia leaching at the same condition. The metabolites produced by the strain other than ammonia are also involved in bioleaching. View Full-Text
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Hu, K.; Wu, A.; Wang, H.; Wang, S. A New Heterotrophic Strain for Bioleaching of Low Grade Complex Copper Ore. Minerals 2016, 6, 12.
Hu K, Wu A, Wang H, Wang S. A New Heterotrophic Strain for Bioleaching of Low Grade Complex Copper Ore. Minerals. 2016; 6(1):12.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hu, Kaijian; Wu, Aixiang; Wang, Hongjiang; Wang, Shaoyong. 2016. "A New Heterotrophic Strain for Bioleaching of Low Grade Complex Copper Ore." Minerals 6, no. 1: 12.