Soft Roof Failure Mechanism and Supporting Method for Gob-Side Entry Retaining
AbstractTo study the soft roof failure mechanism and the supporting method for a gateway in a gently inclined coal seam with a dip angle of 16° kept for gob-side entry retaining, and through the methodology of field investigation and numerical and analytical modeling, this paper analyzed the stress evolution law of roof strata at the working face end and determined that the sharp horizontal stress unloading phenomenon along the coal wall side did not appear after the working face advanced. Conversely, the horizontal stress along the gob side instantly decreased and the tensile stress produced, and the vertical stress in the central part of the roof had a higher reduction magnitude as well. An in-depth study indicates that the soft roof of the working face end subsided and seriously separated due to the effect of the front abutment pressure and the roof hanging length above the gob line, as well as certain other factors, including the rapid unloading of the lateral stress, tension and shear on the lower roof rock layer and dynamic disturbance. Those influencing factors also led to rapid crack propagation on a large scale and serious fracturing in the soft roof of the working face end. However, in the gob stress stabilized zone, the soft roof in the gob-side entry retaining has a shearing failure along the filling wall inside affected by the overburden pressure, rock bulking pressure, and roof gravity. To maintain the roof integrity, decrease the roof deformation, and enable the control of the working face end soft roof and the stabilization of the gob-side entry retaining roof, this study suggests that the preferred bolt installation angle for the soft roof situation is 70° based on the rock bolt extrusion strengthening theory. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Yang, H.; Cao, S.; Li, Y.; Sun, C.; Guo, P. Soft Roof Failure Mechanism and Supporting Method for Gob-Side Entry Retaining. Minerals 2015, 5, 707-722.
Yang H, Cao S, Li Y, Sun C, Guo P. Soft Roof Failure Mechanism and Supporting Method for Gob-Side Entry Retaining. Minerals. 2015; 5(4):707-722.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yang, Hongyun; Cao, Shugang; Li, Yong; Sun, Chuanmeng; Guo, Ping. 2015. "Soft Roof Failure Mechanism and Supporting Method for Gob-Side Entry Retaining." Minerals 5, no. 4: 707-722.