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Minerals 2014, 4(1), 17-36; doi:10.3390/min4010017
Article

Investigating the Effects of Se Solid Phase Substitution in Jarosite Minerals Influenced by Bacterial Reductive Dissolution

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Received: 17 October 2013 / Revised: 8 January 2014 / Accepted: 15 January 2014 / Published: 22 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interactions between Microbes and Minerals)
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Abstract

Jarosite minerals (AB3(TO4)2(OH)6) are iron hydroxysulfate minerals that can readily incorporate trace metals into their mineral structure. A range of metals can be incorporated into the jarosite structure, including oxyanions such as selenate (SeO42−). Selenium is a micronutrient, but is toxic in relatively low doses. Selenium is present in aqueous systems in its two oxyanion forms: selenate and selenite (SeO32−). The tetrahedral sulfate coordination site can be completely substituted for selenate in jarosite minerals (NaFe3(SO4)x(SeO4)2-x(OH)6). Bacteria have been observed to reduce Se oxyanions to both more reduced forms and insoluble elemental Se. This is a pathway for selenium immobilization at contaminated sites. This experiment investigates the reductive dissolution of two Se-jarosites (solid substitution containing high and low selenium concentrations) in the presence of Shewanella putrefaciens CN32. It was observed that both Fe(III) and selenate were metabolically reduced and released into solution through jarosite dissolution . Selenate was also found to be incorporated intracellularly and reduced to particulate Se which was released upon cell lysis. Compared to the abiotic samples, enhanced dissolution was found with both the live and dead bacteria treatments.
Keywords: jarosite; microbial dissolution; selenium; synchrotron; metals; geomicrobiology; mineral; Shewanella putrefaciens CN32; anaerobic environments jarosite; microbial dissolution; selenium; synchrotron; metals; geomicrobiology; mineral; Shewanella putrefaciens CN32; anaerobic environments
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Franzblau, R.E.; Loick, N.; Weisener, C.G. Investigating the Effects of Se Solid Phase Substitution in Jarosite Minerals Influenced by Bacterial Reductive Dissolution. Minerals 2014, 4, 17-36.

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