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Geology and Mineralogy of Uranium Deposits from Mount Isa, Australia: Implications for Albitite Uranium Deposit Models
Paladin Energy, Perth 6008, Australia
CSIRO Process Science and Engineering, Melbourne 3168, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 March 2013; in revised form: 14 June 2013 / Accepted: 14 June 2013 / Published: 26 June 2013
Abstract: New geological, bulk chemical and mineralogical (QEMSCAN and FEG-EPMA) data are presented for albitite-type uranium deposits of the Mount Isa region of Queensland, Australia. Early albitisation of interbedded metabasalt and metasiltstone predated intense deformation along D2 high strain (mylonite) zones. The early sodic alteration paragenetic stage includes albite, riebeckite, aegirine, apatite, zircon and magnetite. This paragenetic stage was overprinted by potassic microveins, containing K-feldspar, biotite, coffinite, brannerite, rare uraninite, ilmenite and rutile. An unusual U-Zr phase has also been identified which exhibits continuous solid solution with a uranium silicate possibly coffinite or nenadkevite. Calcite, epidote and sulphide veinlets represent the latest stage of mineralisation. This transition from ductile deformation and sodic alteration to vein-controlled uranium is mirrored in other examples of the deposit type. The association of uranium with F-rich minerals and a suite of high field strength elements; phosphorous and zirconium is interpreted to be indicative of a magmatic rather than metamorphic or basinal fluid source. No large intrusions of appropriate age outcrop near the deposits; but we suggest a relationship with B- and Be-rich pegmatites and quartz-tourmaline veins.
Keywords: uranium; high field strength elements; albitite-type; Valhalla; Bikini; Skal; Mount Isa; Australia; brittle-ductile transition
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MDPI and ACS Style
Wilde, A.; Otto, A.; Jory, J.; MacRae, C.; Pownceby, M.; Wilson, N.; Torpy, A. Geology and Mineralogy of Uranium Deposits from Mount Isa, Australia: Implications for Albitite Uranium Deposit Models. Minerals 2013, 3, 258-283.
Wilde A, Otto A, Jory J, MacRae C, Pownceby M, Wilson N, Torpy A. Geology and Mineralogy of Uranium Deposits from Mount Isa, Australia: Implications for Albitite Uranium Deposit Models. Minerals. 2013; 3(3):258-283.
Wilde, Andy; Otto, Alex; Jory, John; MacRae, Colin; Pownceby, Mark; Wilson, Nick; Torpy, Aaron. 2013. "Geology and Mineralogy of Uranium Deposits from Mount Isa, Australia: Implications for Albitite Uranium Deposit Models." Minerals 3, no. 3: 258-283.