Minerals 2012, 2(2), 129-168; doi:10.3390/min2020129
Article

Psycho-Social Issues in Mine Emergencies: The Impact on the Individual, the Organization and the Community

Received: 12 April 2012; in revised form: 15 May 2012 / Accepted: 17 May 2012 / Published: 11 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Safety & Health in Mining)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This paper draws on research conducted in the past two decades examining issues related to the human element in mine disasters. While much of the emergency response community employs a systems approach that takes into account psychosocial issues as they impact all aspects of an emergency, the mining industry has lagged behind in integrating this critical element. It is only within the past few years that behavioral interventions have begun to be seen as a part of disaster readiness and resiliency in the industry. The authors discuss the potential applications of psychosocial studies and suggest ways to improve mine emergency planning, psychological support, and decision-making during a response, as well as actions in the aftermath of incidents. Topics covered, among others, include an economic rationale for including such studies in planning a mine emergency response, sociological issues as they impact such things as leadership and rescue team dynamics, and psychological issues that have an effect on individual capacity to function under stress such as during escape, in refuge alternatives, and in body recovery. This information is intended to influence the mine emergency escape curriculum and impact actions and decision-making during and after a mine emergency. The ultimate goal is to mitigate the trauma experienced by individuals, the organization, and the community.
Keywords: underground coal mine; disaster behavior; judgment and decision-making; emergency expectations training; mine emergency response
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [327 KB, uploaded 15 June 2012 14:16 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Kowalski-Trakofler, K.M.; Vaught, C. Psycho-Social Issues in Mine Emergencies: The Impact on the Individual, the Organization and the Community. Minerals 2012, 2, 129-168.

AMA Style

Kowalski-Trakofler KM, Vaught C. Psycho-Social Issues in Mine Emergencies: The Impact on the Individual, the Organization and the Community. Minerals. 2012; 2(2):129-168.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kowalski-Trakofler, Kathleen M.; Vaught, Charles. 2012. "Psycho-Social Issues in Mine Emergencies: The Impact on the Individual, the Organization and the Community." Minerals 2, no. 2: 129-168.

Minerals EISSN 2075-163X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert