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The Fractal Geometry of Urban Land Use: The Case of Ulaanbaatar City, Mongolia

1
Department of Geography, School of Arts and Sciences, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar 14200, Mongolia
2
Department of Land Management, School of Agroecology, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar 17024, Mongolia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 April 2018 / Revised: 14 May 2018 / Accepted: 26 May 2018 / Published: 29 May 2018
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Abstract

This research summarizes land use and city expansion, as well as the dynamics of urbanization, over recent years in Ulaanbaatar city, Mongolia. The study applies fractal geometry to describe land uses in Ulaanbaatar city using a mathematical procedure and geographic information system (GIS) urban analysis, and measures urban sprawl using an index relation of area and perimeter. Land-use parcels’ shape, area perimeter relations, sprawl statement and geometry of city structure are considered. The research presents the growth of Ulaanbaatar city in two time series, 2000 and 2010. The main findings stated here are that Ulaanbaatar is growing in an unsystematic and fractal way, even though the geometrical growth has not been strictly planned and has a most irregular shape of urban sprawl. View Full-Text
Keywords: fractal dimension; morphology; built-up area expansion; areas and perimeters; urban geographic information system (urban GIS); urban analysis fractal dimension; morphology; built-up area expansion; areas and perimeters; urban geographic information system (urban GIS); urban analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Purevtseren, M.; Tsegmid, B.; Indra, M.; Sugar, M. The Fractal Geometry of Urban Land Use: The Case of Ulaanbaatar City, Mongolia. Land 2018, 7, 67.

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