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Land 2017, 6(4), 81; doi:10.3390/land6040081

A Conceptual Model for Land System Dynamics as a Coupled Human–Environment System

Universidad Regional Amazónica IKIAM, Km.7 via Muyuna-Atacapi, Tena CP 150102, Ecuador
James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, UK
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, 80, P. le Tecchio, 80125 Napoli, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 October 2017 / Revised: 8 November 2017 / Accepted: 13 November 2017 / Published: 16 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land System Science)
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This paper presents a conceptual model of land as a coupled human–environment system. Land use and land cover are incorporated as elements of the human and environment system respectively. Drivers and associated processes that influence land use, land cover, and land system dynamics are incorporated within a set of sub-systems. The model includes consideration of driving sub-systems as a set of capital funds and flows, and how these are influenced by linkages between processes in the human (socio-economic) and environment systems and sub-systems. The model is consistent with existing models of the biophysical earth system used by the land change, earth system sciences, and socio-ecological systems communities. The purposes of the model are to provide (i) a holistic framework within which descriptions, models and analyses that focus on various components of land can be placed to describe and explain land systems and land system changes; and (ii) a guide for the development of more fully integrated and interdisciplinary understanding, analysis and study of land use and land cover dynamics, with explicit focus on relationships between human and natural systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: land systems; coupled human–environment system; land change; land system dynamics land systems; coupled human–environment system; land change; land system dynamics

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Aspinall, R.; Staiano, M. A Conceptual Model for Land System Dynamics as a Coupled Human–Environment System. Land 2017, 6, 81.

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