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Land 2017, 6(2), 24; doi:10.3390/land6020024

Governance of Land Use Planning to Reduce Fire Risk to Homes Mediterranean France and California

1
Central Sierra MCP, University of California Cooperative Extension, 1061 3rd Street, South Lake Tahoe, CA 96150, USA
2
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alistair M. S. Smith, James Lutz, Chad Hoffman, Grant Williamson and Andrew Hudak
Received: 23 December 2016 / Revised: 18 March 2017 / Accepted: 27 March 2017 / Published: 31 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wildland Fires)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5869 KB, uploaded 31 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Wildfire is a natural part of forested Mediterranean systems. As humans continue to live and build housing in these areas, wildfire is a constant threat to homes and lives. The goal of this paper is to describe aspects of land-use planning that are used to reduce wildfire risk in institutionally divergent regions; southern France and California. By reviewing relevant legislation and planning documents and conducting in person interviews with fire and planning professionals, we identify the institutions which participate in land use planning to reduce fire risk and the key laws and regulations that guide planning decisions. Our results indicate that France has a more centralized system for planning for fire, with national level entities heavily involved in local land use planning. California, on the other hand sees almost no federal oversite, and, while state law requires local plans to include wildfire risk, most fine grain decisions are left to local planners and decision makers. In both regions, however, we see a reliance on technical support provided from outside local jurisdictions. Increased coordination between local, regional, and national governments could improve land use planning in both locations. View Full-Text
Keywords: comparative study; institutions; national government; local government; land use; general plans; wildfire risk comparative study; institutions; national government; local government; land use; general plans; wildfire risk
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kocher, S.D.; Butsic, V. Governance of Land Use Planning to Reduce Fire Risk to Homes Mediterranean France and California. Land 2017, 6, 24.

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