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Land 2013, 2(2), 278-303; doi:10.3390/land2020278
Article

Re-Thinking the Role of Compensation in Urban Land Acquisition: Empirical Evidence from South Asia

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Received: 10 April 2013; in revised form: 27 May 2013 / Accepted: 31 May 2013 / Published: 13 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue A New Urbanization Land Change Continuum)
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Abstract: Planned efforts to relocate human populations often entail protracted struggles over the terms on which local populations may be compensated for the loss of land, assets and livelihoods. In many instances, compensation has been established on the basis of historical market value, which in effect excludes stakeholders (e.g., encroachers, landless laborers, sharecroppers, etc.) whose livelihoods are adversely affected by land acquisition. Establishing ways of recognizing and compensating the loss of informal land and livelihood is therefore a pressing policy priority. This paper explores the challenge of compensating losses incurred as a result of rapid urban land acquisition in the Indian State of West Bengal. Drawing upon 6 months of empirical field research, it explores (1) the ways in which national and local development authorities have structured processes of land acquisition in areas surrounding Kolkata; (2) the rights and entitlements that have been used in compensating losses incurred as a result of land acquisition; (3) the degree to which local populations have been incorporated into this process; and (4) the extent to which public policy may be used in strengthening the rights of vulnerable populations to basic forms of entitlement, such as housing, employment, and social assistance.
Keywords: urbanization; land acquisition; compensation; resource governance; India urbanization; land acquisition; compensation; resource governance; India
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Johnson, C.; Chakravarty, A. Re-Thinking the Role of Compensation in Urban Land Acquisition: Empirical Evidence from South Asia. Land 2013, 2, 278-303.

AMA Style

Johnson C, Chakravarty A. Re-Thinking the Role of Compensation in Urban Land Acquisition: Empirical Evidence from South Asia. Land. 2013; 2(2):278-303.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Johnson, Craig; Chakravarty, Arpana. 2013. "Re-Thinking the Role of Compensation in Urban Land Acquisition: Empirical Evidence from South Asia." Land 2, no. 2: 278-303.

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