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Water 2017, 9(9), 682; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9090682

Study on the Climate Adaption Planning for an Industrial Company with Regional Risk of the Water Supply System—A Case in Taiwan

1
Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
2
Safety, Health and Environment Center, Group Administration, Formosa Plastics Group., No. 201, Tun-Hwa N. Rd., Taipei 10508, Taiwan
3
Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
4
National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction (NCDR), 9F., No. 200, Sec. 3, Beisin Rd., Xindian District, New Taipei City 23143, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 July 2017 / Revised: 1 September 2017 / Accepted: 1 September 2017 / Published: 8 September 2017
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Abstract

Extreme uneven spatial and temporal distributions of rainfall pose the risk of water shortage to the industries in Taiwan, particularly during dry seasons, which may be worsen under climate change. This study aims to develop adaptation actions for an industrial company to reduce the risk of droughts. The Formosa Plastics Corporation (FPC) in Chuoshui River watershed is selected as a study case and an integrated risk assessment tool of water resources TaiWAP is used. The water shortage of FPC is mainly in the dry seasons because the water rights of public and agricultural uses are prioritized over industrial use. The considered adaptation options including water reuse, a desalination plant, smart agricultural water management, and rainwater harvesting. The results show that the waste-water reuse and sea-water desalination are the most effective adaptation options, which reduces the water shortage risks 33–44% per day in the return period of ten years. The results are generalized for the reference of other studies. The risk assessment and adaptation measure identification of the company require regional information. Moreover, some adaptation measures that the company implements help reduce the water shortage of the region and are consequently beneficial to the company, e.g., smart agricultural water management. View Full-Text
Keywords: water resources management; adaptation; an industrial company; climate change; risk assessment water resources management; adaptation; an industrial company; climate change; risk assessment
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Chen, P.-Y.; Huang, S.-J.; Yu, C.-Y.; Chiang, P.-C.; Liu, T.-M.; Tung, C.-P. Study on the Climate Adaption Planning for an Industrial Company with Regional Risk of the Water Supply System—A Case in Taiwan. Water 2017, 9, 682.

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