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Water 2017, 9(8), 602; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9080602

Distributed Hydrological Modeling: Determination of Theoretical Hydraulic Potential & Streamflow Simulation of Extreme Hydrometeorological Events

1
Doctorado en Ingeniería, Universidad Veracruzana, Lomas del Estadio S/N, Zona Universitaria, Xalapa, Veracruz 91000, Mexico
2
Departamento de Ecología Funcional, Instituto de Ecología, A.C. Carretera La Antigua a Coatepec 351, El Haya, Xalapa, Veracruz 91070, Mexico
3
Department of Construction Engineering, École de Technologie Supérieure, Université du Québec, 1100 rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QC H3C 1K3, Canada
4
Station Expérimentale des Procédés Pilotes en Environnement, École de Technologie Supérieure, Université du Québec, 1100 rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QC H3C 1K3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 June 2017 / Revised: 28 July 2017 / Accepted: 9 August 2017 / Published: 17 August 2017
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Abstract

The progressive change in climatic conditions worldwide has increased frequency and severity of extreme hydrometeorological events (EHEs). México is an example that has been affected by the occurrence of EHE leading to economic, social, and environmental losses. The objective of this research was to apply a Canadian distributed hydrological model (DHM) to tropical conditions and to evaluate its capacity to simulate flows in a basin in the central Gulf of Mexico. In addition, the DHM (once calibrated and validated) was used to calculate the theoretical hydraulic power (THP) and the performance to predict streamflow before the presence of an EHE. The results of the DHM show that the goodness of fit indicators between the observed and simulated flows in the calibration process Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE) = 0.83, ratio of the root mean square error to the standard deviation of measured data (RSR) = 0.41, and percent bias (PBIAS) = −4.3) and validation (NSE = 0.775, RSR = 0.4735, and PBIAS = 2.45) are satisfactory. The DHM showed its applicability: determination of THP showed that the mean flows are in synchrony with the order of the river reaches and streamflow simulation of 13 EHEs (NSE = 0.78 ± 0.13, RSR = 0.46 ± 0.14 and PBIAS = −0.48 ± 7.5) confirmed a reliable efficiency. This work can serve as a tool for identifying vulnerabilities before floods and for the rational and sustainable management of water resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: HYDROTEL; extreme hydrometeorological events; México; theoretical hydraulic power HYDROTEL; extreme hydrometeorological events; México; theoretical hydraulic power
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ibarra-Zavaleta, S.P.; Landgrave, R.; Romero-López, R.; Poulin, A.; Arango-Miranda, R. Distributed Hydrological Modeling: Determination of Theoretical Hydraulic Potential & Streamflow Simulation of Extreme Hydrometeorological Events. Water 2017, 9, 602.

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