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Water 2017, 9(7), 462; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9070462

Modeling Biofilms in Water Systems with New Variables: A Review

1
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China
2
School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan 250101, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2017 / Revised: 8 June 2017 / Accepted: 23 June 2017 / Published: 4 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modeling of Water Systems)
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Abstract

In nature, microorganisms mainly live in biofilms rather than planktonically to defend against various environmental stimuli. Understanding and predicting the dynamics and mechanisms of biofilms is of grand importance to human life. Besides experimental approaches, modeling provides a powerful tool to describe biofilms mathematically, and the in silico simulation offers a deep insight into the underlying functional machineries of biofilms. In this review, we briefly summarized the main advances in biofilm modeling, including the 1D model, multidimensional model, as well as the incorporation of extracellular polymeric substance and quorum sensing signals. Specifically, we focus on recent experimental advances in biofilms, which may challenge the current modeling systems via newly discovered properties and novel participants in natural water systems. We hope this article could build a bridge between in silico modeling and new experimental discoveries, and, in particular, we wish to attract more attention to biofilm-related-environmental issues at various scales. View Full-Text
Keywords: modeling; biofilms; external stressors; ecological impacts; water systems modeling; biofilms; external stressors; ecological impacts; water systems
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Li, Q.; Xia, P.-F.; Tao, Z.-Y.; Wang, S.-G. Modeling Biofilms in Water Systems with New Variables: A Review. Water 2017, 9, 462.

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