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Water 2017, 9(7), 453; doi:10.3390/w9070453

Spatio-Temporal Variation and Controlling Factors of Water Quality in Yongding River Replenished by Reclaimed Water in Beijing, North China

1,2,†
,
1,2,†
,
3,* , 3
,
1,2
,
1,2
,
4
and
1,2,*
1
Institute of Wetland Research, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
2
Beijing Key Laboratory of Wetland Services and Restoration, Beijing 100091, China
3
Beijing Water Science and Technology Institute, Beijing 100048, China
4
Research Center on Flood and Drought Disaster Reduction of the Ministry of Water Resources, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 March 2017 / Revised: 19 June 2017 / Accepted: 19 June 2017 / Published: 23 June 2017
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Abstract

Reclaimed water is useful for replenishing dried up rivers in North China, although changes in water quality could be an issue. Therefore, it is essential to understand the spatio-temporal variation and the controlling factors of water quality. Samples of Yongding River water were collected seasonally, and 24 water quality parameters were analyzed in 2015. All waters were alkaline, and nitrate-nitrogen was the main form of nitrogen, while phosphorus was mostly below detection level. The water quality parameters varied in time and space. Cluster analysis showed a distinct difference between winter and the other seasons and between the natural river section and the section with reclaimed water. Based on the analysis of Gibbs plots, principal component analysis, and ionic relationships, the water chemistry was controlled by dissolution of rocks in natural river section, the quality of replenished water, the effects of dilution, and the reaction of aqueous chemistry in the reclaimed water section. The positive oxidation environment in most of the river water was conducive to the formation of nitrate-nitrogen by nitrification, and not conducive to denitrification. View Full-Text
Keywords: water quality; reclaimed water; controlling factors; Yongding River water quality; reclaimed water; controlling factors; Yongding River
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Yu, Y.; Ma, M.; Zheng, F.; Liu, L.; Zhao, N.; Li, X.; Yang, Y.; Guo, J. Spatio-Temporal Variation and Controlling Factors of Water Quality in Yongding River Replenished by Reclaimed Water in Beijing, North China. Water 2017, 9, 453.

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