Evaluation of the SMOS-Derived Soil Water Deficit Index as Agricultural Drought Index in Northeast of Brazil
AbstractNortheast Brazil (NEB) has recently experienced one of its worst droughts in the last decades, with large losses on rainfed agriculture. Soil moisture is the main variable to monitor agricultural drought. The remote sensing approach for drought monitoring has been enriched with the launch of the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) in November 2009 by European Space Agency (ESA). In this work, the Soil Water Deficit Index (SWDI) was calculated using the SMOS L2 soil moisture in the NEB. The SMOS-derived SWDI data (SWDIS) were evaluated against the atmospheric water deficit (AWD) calculated from in situ observations. Comparisons were made at seven-day and 0.25° scales, over the time-span of June 2010 to December 2013. It was found that the SWDIS has a reasonably good overall performance in terms of the drought-weeks detection (skill = 0.986) and capture of the upper soil moisture temporal dynamic (r = 0.652), implying that the SWDIS could be used to track agricultural droughts. Furthermore, SWDIS shows poor performance at sites located in mountains regions affected by severe droughts (−0.10 ≤ r ≤ 0.10). It is also noted that the vegetal cover/use, climate regime, and soil texture have little influence on the AWD-SWDIS coupling. View Full-Text
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Paredes-Trejo, F.; Barbosa, H. Evaluation of the SMOS-Derived Soil Water Deficit Index as Agricultural Drought Index in Northeast of Brazil. Water 2017, 9, 377.
Paredes-Trejo F, Barbosa H. Evaluation of the SMOS-Derived Soil Water Deficit Index as Agricultural Drought Index in Northeast of Brazil. Water. 2017; 9(6):377.Chicago/Turabian Style
Paredes-Trejo, Franklin; Barbosa, Humberto. 2017. "Evaluation of the SMOS-Derived Soil Water Deficit Index as Agricultural Drought Index in Northeast of Brazil." Water 9, no. 6: 377.
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