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Water 2017, 9(5), 331; doi:10.3390/w9050331

Water Use and Pollution Recognition from the Viewpoint of Local Residents in Dhaka, Bangladesh

1
Department of Urban Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
2
Department of Environmental, Water Resources and Coastal Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology (MIST), Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka 1216, Bangladesh
3
School of Information Networking for Innovation and Design, Toyo University, 1-7-11, Akabanedai, Kita-ku, Tokyo 115-0053, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fabio Masi
Received: 29 December 2016 / Revised: 26 April 2017 / Accepted: 3 May 2017 / Published: 7 May 2017
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Abstract

This study focuses on urban and rural house dwellers’ opinions about their own as well as commercial, industrial and agricultural water use and pollution issues in Dhaka, Bangladesh. One hundred respondents were asked to make comparative choices on five water use sectors arranged in pairs, about five water issues regarding water shortage, earning money, damage due to water shortage, water pollution and water loss during use. To analyze the homogeneities and variations in perceptions, the respondents were categorized into five clusters (P1–P5), based on the view of comparative importance of each sector, where clusters P1–P3 consisted of mostly urban respondents, while P4–P5 were of rural respondents. Clusters P1 and P5 thought of industries as the most responsible sector for water issues, whereas P2 and P3 clusters thought urban dwellers are more responsible for all water issues, except earning money. The respondents were asked also about their water spending and saving attitudes along with their concern regarding water issues. Two factors regarding water attitude and water issue concern were derived from factor analysis using the water attitude questions. Five clusters showed variations in water attitudes and concerns among them. Some clusters’ perceptions about sectoral water issues were found to be influenced by their positive attitudes and concerns. Residential peoples’ perception regarding sectoral water use might be useful for policy makers to identify the target groups (urban or/and rural water users) for management intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: residential users; stakeholder participation; users’ perception; water attitudes; water concern; water management residential users; stakeholder participation; users’ perception; water attitudes; water concern; water management
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Akter, K.S.; Kurisu, K.; Hanaki, K. Water Use and Pollution Recognition from the Viewpoint of Local Residents in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Water 2017, 9, 331.

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