Next Article in Journal
Downscaling GLDAS Soil Moisture Data in East Asia through Fusion of Multi-Sensors by Optimizing Modified Regression Trees
Previous Article in Journal
Fuzzy Comprehensive Assessment Method Based on the Entropy Weight Method and Its Application in the Water Environmental Safety Evaluation of the Heshangshan Drinking Water Source Area, Three Gorges Reservoir Area, China
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2017, 9(5), 331; doi:10.3390/w9050331

Water Use and Pollution Recognition from the Viewpoint of Local Residents in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Department of Urban Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
Department of Environmental, Water Resources and Coastal Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology (MIST), Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka 1216, Bangladesh
School of Information Networking for Innovation and Design, Toyo University, 1-7-11, Akabanedai, Kita-ku, Tokyo 115-0053, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fabio Masi
Received: 29 December 2016 / Revised: 26 April 2017 / Accepted: 3 May 2017 / Published: 7 May 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1240 KB, uploaded 7 May 2017]   |  


This study focuses on urban and rural house dwellers’ opinions about their own as well as commercial, industrial and agricultural water use and pollution issues in Dhaka, Bangladesh. One hundred respondents were asked to make comparative choices on five water use sectors arranged in pairs, about five water issues regarding water shortage, earning money, damage due to water shortage, water pollution and water loss during use. To analyze the homogeneities and variations in perceptions, the respondents were categorized into five clusters (P1–P5), based on the view of comparative importance of each sector, where clusters P1–P3 consisted of mostly urban respondents, while P4–P5 were of rural respondents. Clusters P1 and P5 thought of industries as the most responsible sector for water issues, whereas P2 and P3 clusters thought urban dwellers are more responsible for all water issues, except earning money. The respondents were asked also about their water spending and saving attitudes along with their concern regarding water issues. Two factors regarding water attitude and water issue concern were derived from factor analysis using the water attitude questions. Five clusters showed variations in water attitudes and concerns among them. Some clusters’ perceptions about sectoral water issues were found to be influenced by their positive attitudes and concerns. Residential peoples’ perception regarding sectoral water use might be useful for policy makers to identify the target groups (urban or/and rural water users) for management intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: residential users; stakeholder participation; users’ perception; water attitudes; water concern; water management residential users; stakeholder participation; users’ perception; water attitudes; water concern; water management

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Akter, K.S.; Kurisu, K.; Hanaki, K. Water Use and Pollution Recognition from the Viewpoint of Local Residents in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Water 2017, 9, 331.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top