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Water 2017, 9(3), 168; doi:10.3390/w9030168

Long-Term Impact of Sediment Deposition and Erosion on Water Surface Profiles in the Ner River

Department of Hydraulic and Sanitary Engineering, Poznan University of Life Sciences, ul. Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznan, Poland
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Academic Editor: Karl-Erich Lindenschmidt
Received: 2 December 2016 / Revised: 20 February 2017 / Accepted: 22 February 2017 / Published: 27 February 2017
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Abstract

The purpose of the paper is to test forecasting of the sediment transport process, taking into account two main uncertainties involved in sediment transport modeling. These are: the lack of knowledge regarding future flows, and the uncertainty with respect to which sediment transport formula should be chosen for simulations. The river reach chosen for study is the outlet part of the Ner River, located in the central part of Poland. The main characteristic of the river is the presence of an intensive morphodynamic process, increasing flooding frequency. The approach proposed here is based on simulations with a sediment-routing model and assessment of the hydraulic condition changes on the basis of hydrodynamic calculations for the chosen characteristic flows. The data used include Digital Terrain Models (DTMs), cross-section measurements, and hydrological observations from the Dabie gauge station. The sediment and hydrodynamic calculations are performed using program HEC-RAS 5.0. Twenty inflow scenarios are of a 10-year duration and are composed on the basis of historical data. Meyer-Peter and Müller and Engelund-Hansen formulae are applied for the calculation of sediment transport intensity. The methodology presented here seems to be a good tool for the prediction of long-term impacts on water surface profiles caused by sediment deposition and erosion. View Full-Text
Keywords: sediment routing; deposition forecasting; numerical simulations; the Ner River sediment routing; deposition forecasting; numerical simulations; the Ner River
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dysarz, T.; Szałkiewicz, E.; Wicher-Dysarz, J. Long-Term Impact of Sediment Deposition and Erosion on Water Surface Profiles in the Ner River. Water 2017, 9, 168.

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