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Water 2017, 9(2), 122; doi:10.3390/w9020122

Lake Restoration and Management in a Climate Change Perspective: An Introduction

1
Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Vejlsøvej 25, 8600 Silkeborg, Denmark
2
Sino‐Danish Centre for Education and Research, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
3
Department of Ecology and Institute of Hydrobiology, Tropical and Subtropical Aquatic Ecological Engineering Center of the Ministry of Education of China, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510630, China
4
State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2016 / Accepted: 3 February 2017 / Published: 14 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lake Restoration and Management in a Climate Change Perspective)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [182 KB, uploaded 16 February 2017]

Abstract

Lakes all around the globe are under severe pressure due to an increasing anthropogenic impact from a growing population in a more developed world. Accordingly, today, many lakes are highly eutrophic and suffer from severe blooms of often toxic cyanobacteria and may become even more eutrophic in the future unless strong lake management actions are taken. Recent research has further shown that global warming and subsequent changes in water use will further exacerbate the eutrophication process in lakes. There is therefore a growing demand for lake restoration and insight into sustainable lake management. The measures to be taken, however, depend on the climate and other local conditions. This special issue addresses lake restoration and management with special emphasis on the restoration of eutrophicated lakes within a climate change perspective. The papers included collectively highlight that the ongoing climate change affects lake water quality by (1) changes in external and internal nutrient loading; (2) higher frequency of extreme events (such as hurricanes); (3) temperature‐induced changes in biota, biotic interactions; and (4) water level. Lower nutrient loading is therefore needed in a future warmer world to achieve the same ecological state as today. Several papers discuss lake restoration methods within a climate change perspective and show practical results, notably of various attempts of biomanipulation. Finally, some papers discuss the effects of other anthropogenic stressors and their interaction with climate. View Full-Text
Keywords: lakes; climate change; stressors; lake restoration; worldwide lakes; climate change; stressors; lake restoration; worldwide
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jeppesen, E.; Søndergaard, M.; Liu, Z. Lake Restoration and Management in a Climate Change Perspective: An Introduction. Water 2017, 9, 122.

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