Next Article in Journal
An Experimental Study of Two-Phase Pulse Flushing Technology in Water Distribution Systems
Previous Article in Journal
Changes in Extreme Precipitation: A Case Study in the Middle and Lower Reaches of the Yangtze River in China
Article Menu
Issue 12 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2017, 9(12), 942; doi:10.3390/w9120942

Comparison of Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity Estimated by Three Different Methods

Aquanty, Inc., 564 Weber Street North, Unit 2, Waterloo, ON N2L 5C6A, Canada
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences & The Earth and Environmental Science System Research Center, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju-si 54896, Korea
Land, Water and Environment Department, Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 November 2017 / Revised: 29 November 2017 / Accepted: 1 December 2017 / Published: 4 December 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1931 KB, uploaded 4 December 2017]   |  


This study compares saturated hydraulic conductivities ( K s ) of three sandy soils such as coarse, medium and fine sand. The K s was obtained using three different methods: empirical methods based on the grain size analysis, the relative effective porosity model (REPM), and breakthrough curve analyses based on tracer tests. Column drainage tests were performed to characterize the water retention properties of the samples, which are required in the REPM. Bench scale tracer tests with various conditions were conducted to obtain reasonable linear velocities of the samples using breakthrough curve analyses and then K s was estimated using Darcy’s law. For the REPM, the differences of K s for the coarse and fine sand soils were less than one order of magnitude; however, the difference of K s values between the empirical methods and the breakthrough curve analyses was larger than one order of magnitude. The comparison results suggest that the REPM can be a reliable method for estimating K s for soil grains, and is cost effective due to its experimental simplicity. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydraulic conductivity; relative effective porosity model; breakthrough curve analysis; grain size analysis hydraulic conductivity; relative effective porosity model; breakthrough curve analysis; grain size analysis

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hwang, H.-T.; Jeen, S.-W.; Suleiman, A.A.; Lee, K.-K. Comparison of Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity Estimated by Three Different Methods. Water 2017, 9, 942.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top