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Water 2017, 9(12), 938; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9120938

Characteristics and Factors Influencing the Hysteresis of Water Area–Stage Curves for Poyang Lake

State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of River Basin Water Cycle, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
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Received: 22 October 2017 / Revised: 28 November 2017 / Accepted: 29 November 2017 / Published: 7 December 2017
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Abstract

Flood dynamics of large lake floodplain systems are typically complex. This paper analyses the characteristics and factors that influence the hysteresis of water area–stage curves for Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China characterized by complex geomorphology and upstream–downstream exchange conditions. For this purpose, a two-dimensional hydrodynamic model (EFDC) based on seven scenarios is established. The results indicate that the area–stage curve presents significant hysteretic characteristics due to different water surface gradients that emerge during the water-rising and water-falling periods. Counter-clockwise, clockwise, and splayed hysteresis directions observed at the northern, southern, and central hydrometric stations, respectively, are found in Poyang Lake for the first time. Upstream catchment inflows and Hukou stage reflecting the downstream condition are the main factors that influence hysteresis. The temporal fluctuation of catchment inflows and Hukou stage has a remarkably positive impact on hysteresis, namely, an increase in fluctuation brings about a larger hysteresis. The effects of magnitude change in the two factors on hysteresis are opposing. Catchment inflows are positively related, while the decline of the Hukou stage will produce a more pronounced hysteresis. The outcomes of this study will benefit the water management of Poyang Lake and other similar large lakes. View Full-Text
Keywords: area–stage curve; inundation area; hysteresis; Poyang Lake; EFDC area–stage curve; inundation area; hysteresis; Poyang Lake; EFDC
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Huang, A.; Peng, W.; Liu, X.; Du, Y.; Zhang, S.; Wang, S.; Du, F.; Dong, F. Characteristics and Factors Influencing the Hysteresis of Water Area–Stage Curves for Poyang Lake. Water 2017, 9, 938.

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