Next Article in Journal
Implementation of DMAs in Intermittent Water Supply Networks Based on Equity Criteria
Next Article in Special Issue
A Regional Water Optimal Allocation Model Based on the Cobb-Douglas Production Function under Multiple Uncertainties
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluation of Sustainable Use of Water Resources in Beijing Based on Rough Set and Fuzzy Theory
Previous Article in Special Issue
Water Management Reporting in the Agro-Food Sector in South Africa
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2017, 9(11), 853; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9110853

Non-Metropolitan Drinking Water Suppliers’ Response to the Diagnostic Tool for Non-Technical Compliance in Limpopo, South Africa

1
Department of Environmental, Water and Earth Sciences, Water Care Unit, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, 175 Nelson Mandela Drive, Arcadia Campus, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
2
Department of Environmental Sciences, University of South Africa, UNISA Florida Campus, Christiaan De Wet/Pioneer Dr. P.O. Box X6, Florida 1710, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2017 / Revised: 8 October 2017 / Accepted: 12 October 2017 / Published: 3 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Water Policy Collection)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3539 KB, uploaded 4 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

Without the planning of non-technical issues, water treatment plants may face challenges in sustaining safe drinking water. Parameters such as the planning of financial resources, human resources, a lack of professional process controllers, poor working conditions, staff shortages and a lack of appropriate training of process controllers contribute to the underperformance of drinking water treatment plants. This study aimed at applying the Diagnostic Tool for Non-Technical Compliance to assess the compliance of small drinking water plants with management norms. Six water treatments (Vondo water scheme, Malamulele, Mutshedzi, Mutale regional water treatment plant, Tshedza and Tshedza package plant) were selected from the Vhembe district municipality of the Limpopo province in South Africa. From the abovementioned non-technical parameters, the results showed that during the first assessment period (August 2008 and June 2009) selected water treatment plants scored between 53% and 68% and fell under Class 2, indicating serious challenges requiring attention and improvement. During the second assessment period (November and December 2010), a slight improvement was observed as all plants scored between 72% and 80%, falling under the Class 2 category. Even after corrective actions and remeasurement, none of the plants met the compliance standards, which range from 90% to 100% to obtain the Class 1 compliance standard. The study recommended that tactical and strategic plans that clearly define the operational procedures, process controlling, financial planning, maintenance culture, emergency preparedness and regular monitoring and evaluation should be entrenched for the smooth running of the small water treatment plants. Furthermore, all water services providers and water services authorities should apply the diagnostic tools as developed, which provides guidance on a stepwise procedure on plant operations and management on a daily basis. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-metropolitan drinking water system; South Africa; water quality; non-technical compliance non-metropolitan drinking water system; South Africa; water quality; non-technical compliance
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Nefale, A.D.; Kamika, I.; Momba, M.N.B. Non-Metropolitan Drinking Water Suppliers’ Response to the Diagnostic Tool for Non-Technical Compliance in Limpopo, South Africa. Water 2017, 9, 853.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top