Next Article in Journal
The Impact of a Check Dam on Groundwater Recharge and Sedimentation in an Ephemeral Stream
Previous Article in Journal
Data-Driven Study of Discolouration Material Mobilisation in Trunk Mains
Previous Article in Special Issue
Beyond the Clean Water Rule: Impacts of a Non-Jurisdictional Ditch on Headwater Stream Discharge and Water Chemistry
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessEditorial
Water 2017, 9(10), 815; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9100815

Land Use, Climate, and Water Resources—Global Stages of Interaction

1
Department of Geology & Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20740, USA
2
Department of Natural Resources Science, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
3
National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab, Western Ecology Division, US Environmental Protection Agency, 200 SW 35th Street, Corvallis, OR 97333, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 September 2017 / Revised: 17 October 2017 / Accepted: 19 October 2017 / Published: 24 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land Use, Climate, and Water Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [512 KB, uploaded 24 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

Land use and climate change can accelerate the depletion of freshwater resources that support humans and ecosystem services on a global scale. Here, we briefly review studies from around the world, and highlight those in this special issue. We identify stages that characterize increasing interaction between land use and climate change. During the first stage, hydrologic modifications and the built environment amplify overland flow via processes associated with runoff-dominated ecosystems (e.g., soil compaction, impervious surface cover, drainage, and channelization). During the second stage, changes in water storage impact the capacity of ecosystems to buffer extremes in water quantity and quality (e.g., either losses in snowpack, wetlands, and groundwater recharge or gains in water and nutrient storage behind dams in reservoirs). During the third stage, extremes in water quantity and quality contribute to losses in ecosystem services and water security (e.g., clean drinking water, flood mitigation, and habitat availability). During the final stage, management and restoration strategies attempt to regain lost ecosystem structure, function, and services but need to adapt to climate change. By anticipating the increasing interaction between land use and climate change, intervention points can be identified, and management strategies can be adjusted to improve outcomes for realistic expectations. Overall, global water security cannot be adequately restored without considering an increasing interaction between land use and climate change across progressive stages and our ever-increasing human domination of the water cycle from degradation to ecosystem restoration. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use; climate; urbanization; agriculture; dams; stream burial; urban evolution; salinization; Anthropocene; stream restoration; best management practices; models land use; climate; urbanization; agriculture; dams; stream burial; urban evolution; salinization; Anthropocene; stream restoration; best management practices; models
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kaushal, S.S.; Gold, A.J.; Mayer, P.M. Land Use, Climate, and Water Resources—Global Stages of Interaction. Water 2017, 9, 815.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top