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Water 2017, 9(10), 756; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9100756

Low Impact Development Planning and Adaptation Decision-Making under Climate Change for a Community against Pluvial Flooding

Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
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Received: 22 August 2017 / Revised: 12 September 2017 / Accepted: 24 September 2017 / Published: 1 October 2017
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Abstract

This study integrates and develops methods, namely low impact development (LID) selection method and an LID spatial planning model, to enable decision-making to minimize pluvial flooding for a community. The objective is to minimize the flood risk under the worst case of the design storm within the budget constraints. Design storms in current and future climate scenarios are analyzed as input to the Storm Water Management Model (SWMM). Then, LID practices are selected based on the proposed procedure and a spatial planning model is built to identify the optimal LID layouts using the simulated annealing (SA) algorithm. The lower and upper bounds of the generated rainfall intensities of a five-year 1-h duration design storms for the Hadley Centre Global Environment Model version 2 for the atmosphere and oceans (HadGEM2-AO), the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM1-ME), and the CSIRO-Mk3.6.0 Atmosphere-Ocean GCM (CSIRO-Mk3.6.0) during 2021–2040 are derived. The LID selection helps efficiently identify appropriate LID. Results show that nearly no flood occurs under the optimal LID layouts found by the LID spatial planning model. Moreover, it is more optimal to invest in LID in the lower sub-catchments in LID planning when the budget is limited. These methods are generally applicable for a community using LIDs as adaptation measures against pluvial flooding. View Full-Text
Keywords: storm water management; drainage system; design storm; low impact development; spatial planning model storm water management; drainage system; design storm; low impact development; spatial planning model
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, P.-Y.; Tung, C.-P.; Li, Y.-H. Low Impact Development Planning and Adaptation Decision-Making under Climate Change for a Community against Pluvial Flooding. Water 2017, 9, 756.

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