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Water 2017, 9(10), 738; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9100738

Strategic Evaluation Tool for Surface Water Quality Management Remedies in Drinking Water Catchments

1
Griffith School of Engineering, Griffith University, Nathan 4111, Australia
2
Griffith School of Engineering, Griffith University, Gold Coast 4222, Australia
3
School of Engineering, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup 6919, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 July 2017 / Revised: 10 September 2017 / Accepted: 22 September 2017 / Published: 27 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality Monitoring and Modeling in Lakes)
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Abstract

Drinking water catchments (DWC) are under pressure from point and nonpoint source pollution due to the growing human activities. This worldwide challenge is causing number of adverse effects, such as degradation in water quality, ecosystem health, and other economic and social pressures. Different evaluation tools have been developed to achieve sustainable and healthy drinking water catchments. However, a holistic and strategic framework is still required to adequately consider the uncertainty associated with feasible management remedies of surface water quality in drinking water catchments. A strategic framework was developed to adequately consider the uncertainty associated with management remedies for surface water quality in drinking water catchments. A Fuzzy Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis (FMCDA) approach was embedded into a strategic decision support framework to evaluate and rank water quality remediation options within a typical fixed budget constraint faced by bulk water providers. The evaluation framework consists of four core aspects; namely, water quality, environmental, economic and social, and number of associated quantitative and qualitative criteria and sub-criteria. Final remediation strategy ranking was achieved through the application of the Euclidean Distance by the In-center of Centroids (EDIC). View Full-Text
Keywords: drinking water catchments; evaluation framework; Fuzzy Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis (FMCDA); Fuzzy Decision Tree Analysis (FDTA) drinking water catchments; evaluation framework; Fuzzy Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis (FMCDA); Fuzzy Decision Tree Analysis (FDTA)
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Almaaofi, H.; Etemad-Shahidi, A.; Stewart, R. Strategic Evaluation Tool for Surface Water Quality Management Remedies in Drinking Water Catchments. Water 2017, 9, 738.

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