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Water 2017, 9(1), 40; doi:10.3390/w9010040

The Role of Transnational Municipal Networks in Transboundary Water Governance

Department of Social Sciences, Åbo Akademi University, Turku 20500, Finland
Academic Editor: Athanasios Loukas
Received: 5 December 2016 / Revised: 29 December 2016 / Accepted: 5 January 2017 / Published: 10 January 2017
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Abstract

The transboundary nature of stressors impacting shared water bodies has been traditionally recognized in agreements between nation states. Several developments have led to new layers of cross border environmental actors, including regional and city level interactions. This proliferation of non-state actors is witnessed in two large water bodies, the Baltic Sea and the North American Great Lakes. In both regions, transboundary water governance was led by nation states in agreements to improve heavily contaminated waters, the Helsinki Convention (1974) and the North American Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (1972), respectively. Whilst there has been much research on transnational regional networks, especially in Europe, there has been less theoretical work done on transnational municipal transboundary water networks due to the delay of recognition of the legitimacy of these local government actors. This paper aims to examine the role of the transnational municipal networks in transboundary water governance by looking at the case studies of the Union of Baltic cities in the Baltic Sea region and the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative in the North American Great Lakes Basin. It does this by assessing the role of these transnational municipal networks in bridging water governance gaps in these regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: water governance; North American Great Lakes; Baltic Sea; transnational municipal networks; governance gaps; transboundary water governance water governance; North American Great Lakes; Baltic Sea; transnational municipal networks; governance gaps; transboundary water governance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jetoo, S. The Role of Transnational Municipal Networks in Transboundary Water Governance. Water 2017, 9, 40.

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