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Water 2016, 8(9), 377; doi:10.3390/w8090377

ResilSIM—A Decision Support Tool for Estimating Resilience of Urban Systems

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond St., London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
2
Disaster and Emergency Management, Faculty of Liberal Arts and Professional Studies, York University, 4700 Keele St, Toronto, ON M37 1P3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zoran Vojinovic and Michael B. Abbott
Received: 21 June 2016 / Revised: 10 August 2016 / Accepted: 25 August 2016 / Published: 2 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydroinformatics and Urban Water Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6523 KB, uploaded 2 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Damages to urban systems as a result of water-related natural disasters have escalated in recent years. The observed trend is expected to increase in the future as the impacts of population growth, rapid urbanization and climate change persist. To alleviate the damages associated with these impacts, it is recommended to integrate disaster management methods into planning, design and operational policies under all levels of government. This manuscript proposes the concept of ResilSIM: A decision support tool that rapidly estimates the resilience (a modern disaster management measure that is dynamic in time and space) of an urban system to the consequences of natural disasters. The web-based tool (with mobile access) operates in near real-time. It is designed to assist decision makers in selecting the best options for integrating adaptive capacity into their communities to protect against the negative impacts of a hazard. ResilSIM is developed for application in Toronto and London, Ontario, Canada; however, it is only demonstrated for use in the city of London, which is susceptible to riverine flooding. It is observed how the incorporation of different combinations of adaptation options maintain or strengthen London’s basic structures and functions in the event of a flood. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; adaptation; urban systems; hydro-meteorological; disaster management; decision support; online tool resilience; adaptation; urban systems; hydro-meteorological; disaster management; decision support; online tool
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Irwin, S.; Schardong, A.; Simonovic, S.P.; Nirupama, N. ResilSIM—A Decision Support Tool for Estimating Resilience of Urban Systems. Water 2016, 8, 377.

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