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Water 2016, 8(8), 347; doi:10.3390/w8080347

Groundwater Governance: The Role of Legal Frameworks at the Local and National Level—Established Practice and Emerging Trends

International Natural Resources Law and Human Rights Consultant, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Academic Editors: Sharon B. Megdal, Susanna Eden and Eylon Shamir
Received: 4 May 2016 / Revised: 24 July 2016 / Accepted: 10 August 2016 / Published: 17 August 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [229 KB, uploaded 17 August 2016]

Abstract

Legal frameworks play a crucial role for effective groundwater governance. They flank and support water policy and provide users and the administration with rights and obligations to use, manage, and protect vital resources in order to achieve the overall goal of equitable and sustainable water use. This paper discusses key challenges that have to be addressed in water law to manage and protect groundwater effectively. It will provide an overview of established practice in groundwater legislation and discuss recent trends and developments in light of current challenges. It focuses on permit-based systems of administrative water rights but will to a limited extent also deal with customary, community-based, and informal arrangements. It will show that increasingly domestic groundwater legislation is strengthened and ranked on a par with surface water regimes, ideally by dealing with all water resources in an integrated manner. View Full-Text
Keywords: water law; groundwater law; legislation; governance; water management; institutions; human rights; abstraction control; pollution control; environmental law water law; groundwater law; legislation; governance; water management; institutions; human rights; abstraction control; pollution control; environmental law
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mechlem, K. Groundwater Governance: The Role of Legal Frameworks at the Local and National Level—Established Practice and Emerging Trends. Water 2016, 8, 347.

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