Changing Characteristics of the Water Consumption Structure in Nanjing City, Southern China
AbstractUnderstanding the changes in water consumption structure in order to take measures for demand control is very important for sustainable water resources management. In this study, using the Southern China area of Nanjing as an example, we employed the information entropy method to analyze the water consumption structure, as well as the grey incidence analysis to analyze synthetic incidence degree of the factors associated with agricultural, industrial, domestic, and ecological water consumption. The results show that the degree of balance among water consumption sectors has increased from 0.755 to 0.825 between 1993 and 2014. Gradual decrease of the relative proportion of a single water user structure in a water consumption system has made the utilization of water resources in Nanjing rational and diversified. The study identifies three stages of transformation of water structure in Nanjing, namely, a growth period from 1993 to 2002, an adjustment period from 2003 to 2010, and another growth period from 2011 to 2014. The synthetic incidence degree analysis indicates that adjustments of the agricultural and industrial water consumption as well as water saving measures are the main factors that affected water consumption structure in Nanjing. It is expected that the results obtained from this study will provide references to optimize the utilization of urban water resources. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Wu, H.; Wang, X.; Shahid, S.; Ye, M. Changing Characteristics of the Water Consumption Structure in Nanjing City, Southern China. Water 2016, 8, 314.
Wu H, Wang X, Shahid S, Ye M. Changing Characteristics of the Water Consumption Structure in Nanjing City, Southern China. Water. 2016; 8(8):314.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wu, Hao; Wang, Xiaojun; Shahid, Shamsuddin; Ye, Mao. 2016. "Changing Characteristics of the Water Consumption Structure in Nanjing City, Southern China." Water 8, no. 8: 314.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.