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Water 2016, 8(7), 304; doi:10.3390/w8070304

Coping with Pluvial Floods by Private Households

1
Section 5.4 Hydrology, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Telegrafenberg, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
2
Deutsche Rückversicherung AG, Hansaallee 177, 40549 Düsseldorf, Germany
3
Institute of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24–25, 14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany
4
Hydrotec GmbH, Bachstraße 62-64, 52066 Aachen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter J. Coombes
Received: 1 June 2016 / Revised: 8 July 2016 / Accepted: 13 July 2016 / Published: 21 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Water Challenges)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3111 KB, uploaded 21 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Pluvial floods have caused severe damage to urban areas in recent years. With a projected increase in extreme precipitation as well as an ongoing urbanization, pluvial flood damage is expected to increase in the future. Therefore, further insights, especially on the adverse consequences of pluvial floods and their mitigation, are needed. To gain more knowledge, empirical damage data from three different pluvial flood events in Germany were collected through computer-aided telephone interviews. Pluvial flood awareness as well as flood experience were found to be low before the respective flood events. The level of private precaution increased considerably after all events, but is mainly focused on measures that are easy to implement. Lower inundation depths, smaller potential losses as compared with fluvial floods, as well as the fact that pluvial flooding may occur everywhere, are expected to cause a shift in damage mitigation from precaution to emergency response. However, an effective implementation of emergency measures was constrained by a low dissemination of early warnings in the study areas. Further improvements of early warning systems including dissemination as well as a rise in pluvial flood preparedness are important to reduce future pluvial flood damage. View Full-Text
Keywords: pluvial floods; surface water flooding; emergency response; early warning; preparedness; damage; mitigation pluvial floods; surface water flooding; emergency response; early warning; preparedness; damage; mitigation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rözer, V.; Müller, M.; Bubeck, P.; Kienzler, S.; Thieken, A.; Pech, I.; Schröter, K.; Buchholz, O.; Kreibich, H. Coping with Pluvial Floods by Private Households. Water 2016, 8, 304.

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