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Water 2016, 8(7), 298; doi:10.3390/w8070298

Consideration of Water Uses for Its Sustainable Management, the Case of Issyk-Kul Lake, Kyrgyzstan

1
State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 818 South Beijing Road, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10049, China
3
CAS Research Center for Ecology and Environment of Central Asia, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, China
4
Research Centre of Ecology and Environment of Central Asia, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty 050040, Kazakhstan
5
Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, POB Box 6392, Kigali, Rwanda
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Enedir Ghisi
Received: 17 May 2016 / Revised: 29 June 2016 / Accepted: 9 July 2016 / Published: 19 July 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1171 KB, uploaded 19 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Water is an essential element for life, and development would not be possible without its availability. This study identified the main water consumers and their likely impact on water lake level for the case of Issyk-Kul Lake Basin, Kyrgyzstan. Data on precipitation, lake level, irrigation, household and industrial water consumption from 1980 to 2014 were provided by the Department of Water Resources and Irrigation, Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation of the Kyrgyz Republic. The input data was analyzed with OriginPro 8.5 for Statistical Analysis. The results indicated a decreasing irrigation water consumption from 2029.42 to 461.76 million·m3 in 1980 and 2014, respectively. Likewise, households consumed 27.02 million·m3 in 1980 falling to 16.55 million·m3 in 2014, similar to the manufacture’s water consumption. However, it was noted that agriculture is a high water consumer, whose water demand for irrigation rises from April to August, the period during which the precipitation also increases. Nevertheless, manufactures and household water consumption do not have timed limits of use like in agriculture, which in turn affects the lake water level. Therefore, as the rainfall increases by April to August, we suggest to harvest and only use the rainfall water during its abundance period. This would help in restoring the lake’s water level during the time of rainwater uses, and leads to water consumption balance, flood management and lake biodiversity conservation as well. View Full-Text
Keywords: agriculture; Issyk-Kul lake basin; household; manufacture; water consumption agriculture; Issyk-Kul lake basin; household; manufacture; water consumption
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Alymkulova, B.; Abuduwaili, J.; Issanova, G.; Nahayo, L. Consideration of Water Uses for Its Sustainable Management, the Case of Issyk-Kul Lake, Kyrgyzstan. Water 2016, 8, 298.

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