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Water 2016, 8(5), 183; doi:10.3390/w8050183

Performance of a Constructed Wetland and Pretreatment System Receiving Potato Farm Wash Water

1
Science and Technology Branch, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 960 Carling Ave, Ottawa, ON K1A 0C6, Canada
2
School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone rd. E, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
3
Ontario Rural Wastewater Centre, University of Guelph, Alfred, ON K0B 1A0, Canada
4
Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON N2L 3C5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alan Howard
Received: 28 February 2016 / Revised: 15 April 2016 / Accepted: 26 April 2016 / Published: 29 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Constructed Wetlands Systems and Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1742 KB, uploaded 29 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

Many potato processors require on-farm washing of potatoes, creating large quantities of wastewater that requires treatment, starting in the fall until the end of the potato storage period in mid-summer. We studied the treatment of wastewater from a potato farm in Ontario, Canada, using a system of pretreatment (sedimentation, aeration) followed by a surface-flow wetland with a dense growth of cattails (Typha sp.). The raw wastewater had high average concentrations of 5-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5; 1113 mg·L−1), total suspended solids (TSS; 4338 mg·L−1), total nitrogen (TN; 311 mg·L−1) and total phosphorus (TP; 42.5 mg·L−1). Due to high influent loads, the pretreatment was enlarged during annual sediment cleaning at the end of Year 1 (Y1), which increased the hydraulic retention time and delayed the seasonal onset of wetland loading from winter in Y1 to spring in Year 2 (Y2). Total concentration reduction for the treatment system (pretreatment + wetland) in Y2 was 96% BOD5, 99% TSS, 86% TN and 90% TP; and in Y1 was 79% BOD5, 97% TSS, 62% TN and 54% TP. Overall, the best treatment in both the pretreatment and the wetland was seen in spring months. The enlarged pretreatment system enabled seasonal loading of the wetland during the spring and summer, which facilitated improved treatment performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: wetlands; wastewater treatment; potato wastewater; seasonal loading; cold climate wetlands; wastewater treatment; potato wastewater; seasonal loading; cold climate
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bosak, V.; VanderZaag, A.; Crolla, A.; Kinsley, C.; Gordon, R. Performance of a Constructed Wetland and Pretreatment System Receiving Potato Farm Wash Water. Water 2016, 8, 183.

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