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Water 2016, 8(5), 176; doi:10.3390/w8050176

Suitability Evaluation of River Bank Filtration along the Second Songhua River, China

College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130000, Jilin, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Y. Jun Xu, Guangxin Zhang and Hongyan Li
Received: 17 February 2016 / Revised: 19 April 2016 / Accepted: 20 April 2016 / Published: 30 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tackling Complex Water Problems in China under Changing Environment)

Abstract

The Second Songhua River is the biggest river system in Jilin Province, China. In recent years, the rapid economic development in this area has increased the prominence of water resources and water-related environmental problems; these include surface water pollution and the overexploitation of groundwater resources. Bank infiltration on the floodplains of the Second Songhua River is an important process of groundwater-surface water exchange under exploitation conditions. Understanding this process can help in the development of water resource management plans and strategies for the region. In this research, a multi-criteria evaluation index system was developed with which to evaluate the suitability of bank filtration along the Second Songhua River. The system was comprised of main suitability indexes for water quantity, water quality, the interaction intensity between surface water and groundwater, and the exploitation condition of groundwater resources. The index system was integrated into GIS (Geographic Information System) to complete the evaluation of the various indicators. According to the weighted sum of each index, the suitability of river bank filtration (RBF) in the study area was divided into five grades. Although the evaluation index system and evaluation method are applicable only to the Second Songhua River basin, the underlying principle and techniques it embodies can be applied elsewhere. For future generalization of the evaluation index system, the specific evaluation index and its scoring criteria should be modified appropriately based on local conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater exploitation; river bank filtration; Second Songhua River; water resources planning groundwater exploitation; river bank filtration; Second Songhua River; water resources planning
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, L.; Ye, X.; Du, X. Suitability Evaluation of River Bank Filtration along the Second Songhua River, China. Water 2016, 8, 176.

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