Next Article in Journal
Quantifying Spatial Changes in the Structure of Water Quality Constituents in a Large Prairie River within Two Frameworks of a Water Quality Model
Next Article in Special Issue
Community Perspective on Consultation on Urban Stormwater Management: Lessons from Brownhill Creek, South Australia
Previous Article in Journal
Comparing the Life Cycle Energy Consumption, Global Warming and Eutrophication Potentials of Several Water and Waste Service Options
Previous Article in Special Issue
Explore, Synthesize, and Repeat: Unraveling Complex Water Management Issues through the Stakeholder Engagement Wheel
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2016, 8(4), 159; doi:10.3390/w8040159

Undermining Demand Management with Supply Management: Moral Hazard in Israeli Water Policies

Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Haifa, Haifa 39105, Israel
Academic Editors: Sharon B. Megdal, Susanna Eden and Eylon Shamir
Received: 21 February 2016 / Revised: 12 April 2016 / Accepted: 14 April 2016 / Published: 20 April 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [898 KB, uploaded 20 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

Most water managers use a mixture of both supply-side and demand-side policies, seeking to capitalize on the relative advantages of each. However, supply augmentation undertaken to avoid overdrafts can reduce the effectiveness of demand management policies if the two strategies are not carefully integrated. Such a result can stem from a type of moral hazard phenomenon by which consumers, aware of the increases in potential supply, discount the importance of conservation. This is illustrated by the case of Israel. Initial national-scale water-supply projects were followed by over-extraction, which, in turn, compelled implementation of wide-spread demand management measures to reduce consumption. With the recent advent of large-scale desalination in Israel, public perception regarding the importance of conservation has diminished and consumption has increased—this, despite periodic drought conditions and critically low levels of water reserves. View Full-Text
Keywords: conservation; demand management; supply management; moral hazard; water policy conservation; demand management; supply management; moral hazard; water policy
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Katz, D. Undermining Demand Management with Supply Management: Moral Hazard in Israeli Water Policies. Water 2016, 8, 159.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top